N513WF | Cockpit

Please note: All documentation linked to on this website is being superseded by documentation and instruction provided at the FBO.

  • Highlights

    • TAA (Technically Advanced Airplane) due to PFD/MFD/AP equipment as per FAR §61.129(j)
    • Electronic ADI+HSI (with 4hr backup batteries) integrated in hybrid “glass/steam” flight instrument sixpack
      • No vacuum system, no gyro precession, no tumbling AI
    • 2 x WAAS GPS MFD touchscreens
      • Moving map with traffic
      • Software panels for Audio/Intercom and ADS-B/Mode S XPDR
      • LPV, LNAV/VNAV and LP RNP approaches
      • Geo-referenced IFR charts (US/Canada)
    • ADS-B
      • Out (1090ES) automated WAAS GPS position transmission
      • In (Dual-band: 1090ES + 978UAT) reception and presentation of:
        • TIS-B: Traffic and
        • FIS-B: WX (Nexrad, Winds Aloft, METARs, TAFs, AIRMETs, SIGMETs, PIREPs), NOTAMs, TFRs, SUAs
      • Bluetooth streaming of TIS-B, FIS-B and AHRS info to your EFB
    • Digital Autopilot with VNAV support, envelope protection and LVL button
      • MET (Manual Electric Trim) switch on the pilot-side yoke
      • TOGA button for AP-coupled missed approaches
    • Digital engine / system instruments
        • Detailed CHT/EGT monitor
        • Digital fuel senders provide accurate fuel level information
    • CO Detector
    • Digital ELT with GPS position transmission
    • 2 x USB strong enough to charge EFBs or other devices
  • Engine

    • Lycoming IO360-L2A
    • Factory Zero-Time installed Feb 2019
  • Avionics (click on image to open PDF)


  • Use of polarized eyewear may cause glass cockpit displays to appear dim or blank – using non-polarized sunglasses is recommended
  • Do not remove any of the SD cards from the devices, these cards are critical for proper operation and to be serviced by authorized personnel only!

Garmin G5 ADI (Attitude Display Indicator) / PFD with 4 hour backup battery

AFM Supplement | Pilot’s Guide

Garmin G5 HSI with GPS NAV (#1 – CDI via GTN 750) with 4 hour backup battery and ADI/PFD backup page

AFM Supplement | Pilot’s Guide

Garmin GI-106B VOR/LOC/GPS Indicator (#2 – CDI via GTN 650 – NAV 2) primarily for lateral guidance (VOR/LOC/GPS) and backup vertical guidance (GS/GP) in case of #1/NAV 1 failure

Garmin GTN 750 Xi WAAS GPS/NAV/COM/MFD (# 1)

…with remote control of both GMA 35c audio panel and GTX 345R XPDR/ADS-B Out:

AFM Supplement | AFM Supplement (XPDR with ADS-B) | Pilot’s Guide | PC TraineriPad Trainer

The Telligence Voice Command feature (the Push-To-Command button added to both yokes) may not work properly without investing time into training the unit to deal with individual voices and accents, and should therefore generally not be used.

Voice Command Guide | Voice command video

Garmin GTN 650 Xi WAAS GPS/NAV/COM/MFD (# 2)

…with remote control of GTX 345R XPDR/ADS-B Out:

Please note that the CDI button to control the source of NAV #2 is on the Default Navigation page (and not on the Map as on the GTN 750).

AFM Supplement | AFM Supplement (XPDR with ADS-B)  | Pilot’s GuidePC TraineriPad Trainer

Garmin GFC 500 Digital Autopilot

This autopilot system includes flight director-controlled pitch/roll/pitch-trim, an AP DISC / TRIM INT (Autopilot Disconnect / Trim Interrupt) button on the yoke, a Go Around button near the throttle, and an MET (Manual Electric Trim) switch on the yoke.

Even if you don’t plan on using the autopilot, you can – and are encouraged to – use the HDG / TRK and ALT SEL knobs to control both the heading and altitude bugs on the G5 units.

The LVL button is designed to have the autopilot quickly restore straight and level flight attitude in case you should get into an unusual attitude or a spatial disorientation situation. When straight and level flight has been restored, the pilot can continue to use the autopilot, or – if unfamiliar with the AP system – disengage it using the AP DISC button on the yoke or the AP button on the panel and continue to fly manually.


AFM Supplement | Pilot’s Guide

Garmin FlightStream 510

You can wirelessly connect your e.g. Garmin Pilot app, ForeFlight or Fltplan Go on your iPad / iPhone / Nexus / Galaxy via Bluetooth (not WiFi!) to make use of these ADS-B In features on your device:

      • ADS-B traffic and WX (ADS-B In)
      • WAAS GPS location
      • AHRS backup attitude information
        • 3D Synthetic Vision (SV) in your app is supported (if available, as per your app subscription plan) 
      • Flight plans can be prepared before flight, then synchronized both ways anytime between your app and the avionics

Please note: 

VFR: GPS/AHRS/SV displayed on your portable device should primarily be used to enhance situational awareness or to assist in emergencies, and are no replacement for looking outside when you fly (VFR and IFR)
IFR: The FAA/IFR-approved, panel-mounted devices  in this cockpit still need to be the primary source of navigation for all normal IFR operations
– Be present to, and comply with AC 91.78 when using your EFB

Connecting Garmin Pilot | Connecting ForeFlight  |  Connecting Fltplan Go

  • Systems and Engine instruments

A 16-page summary file has been created that contains most of the information in this section; you can download that file here:

Please note that the six digital systems and engine instruments in this cockpit are not touchscreens.

The brightness of the digital gauges can be controlled with the (upper black / outer) PANEL LT knob:

Note that the above described PANEL LT know also controls the light of the analog flight instruments – those dim completely out before you can dim the digital gauges to the lowest point.
For night flights the recommended setting is to dim the upper one all the way down and use the lower GLARESHIELD LT dimmer to add enough light to see all cockpit controls (otherwise you won’t be able to see e.g. the flaps control in the dark).

The two buttons on each digital gauge work as follows:

TOP button – action
It invokes different screen displays, allows selection of values and increments or decrements values.
Examples of these actions are:
1. Moving between display screens
2. Selection of an action from a menu
3. Changing a value from within the setup menus
4. Entering a value during flight (clock instrument only)

BOTTOM button – navigation
It will allow the cursor on the screen to move between allowable selections.
Examples of these actions are:
1. Selection of different cylinders (EGT and CHT) in the Single Cylinder mode
2. Selection of different tanks (Fuel Level)
3. Selection of limits and functional items from within the setup menus
4. Time field selection (clock instrument only)

(There is one exception to the functionality of the bottom button – this is from the screen that first comes on from power up: Pressing the button will display the instrument core status and support data.)

Basically you start with the upper button to select the page, then it’s always a back and forth between lower and upper button.

These changes were applied to the original gauge organization:
– The Voltmeter is now paired with the Ammeter (BATTERY gauge)
– The EGT is now paired with a new CHT gauge and has been moved near the mixture control to help with leaning. Both EGT and CHT measure values for all four cylinders instead of just one declared/assumed hottest cylinder
– The VAC gauge has been removed (as there no longer is a vacuum system to monitor – please note that in Test mode the annunciator panel will show “L VAC R”, but it can/will never show up otherwise)

Aerospace Logic CO200K Clock / Timer / Chronograph & OAT

Operations Guide

Aerospace Logic FL202D Fuel levels reported by digital fuel quantity senders

Along with this gauge we replaced the notoriously unreliable analog fuel level senders with CiES magnetic field digital fuel quantity senders.

Please note that the fuel levels are not reported to the GTN 750 (there is no connection between these two devices); you need to manually update the latter at the beginning of your flight to get endurance warnings from the GTN unit.

Operations Guide

Aerospace Logic FF200K30 Fuel Flow

Operations Guide

Aerospace Logic OPT200K Oil Pressure & Temperature

The sweet spot for oil temperature is 180-200°F. 

Operations Guide

Aerospace Logic VA200K Volt- & Ammeter

Operations Guide

Aerospace Logic ECT204 Four cylinder CHT / EGT monitor

CHT for cylinder head temperature monitoring:
Recommended cont. operation CHT is 350-400°F – the “sweet spot” being 380°F.
   – Excessively high engine temperatures, either in the air or on the ground, will cause loss of power, excessive oil consumption, and possible permanent internal engine damage!
   – If the CHT is too hot on one or even several cylinders, increase airspeed, enrich the mixture, or reduce power – any of these procedures will aid in reducing the engine temperature
   – Too low a temperature is not good, either – continuous operation below 350°F can lead to a rough engine due to lead fouling of the spark plugs and sticky valves, which can ultimately lead to loss of power and engine damage

EGT leaning assistance based on exhaust gas temperature:
1 – Press the top button once to reach the function menu
2 – Select Mixture ROP from the menu and follow the interactive instructions while leaning the engine.

Recommended: 50°F ROP (Rich of Peak)
– Best economy: Peak EGT
Continuous operation LOP (Lean of Peak) is prohibited by the POH!
– Failure to lean the engine as needed (mixture too rich) will lead to fouling of spark plugs, rough engine and decreased power; failure to re-enrich it as needed (mixture too lean) will lead to overheating of the engine.

Proper cylinder heat control and mixture leaning is important for engine health and reliabilty – please consult both POH and your CFI for more information and best practices!

Operations Guide

  • Other

Electroair EA-15000 Ignition Switch Panel

Lets you engage the the starter without a key after turning on the magneto switches, and turn the magnetos off as needed during runup and shutdown.

AFM Supplement

GA – A Takeoff/Go Around button near the throttle control that is part of the autopilot system lets you instantly set a roll-level / 7° pitch up FD mode that you can use to execute IFR missed approaches at the MAP with the AP still engaged (or turn off the AP and continue the approach to land).


smartPower 250 Dual 2.7A backlit USB in the lower center area of the cockpit panel – enough power to charge two full-size iPads while they’re in use.

TIP: It’s more likely for off-brand charging cables and adapters to malfunction over time or cause radio communication interference; please only use original / certified / shielded cables – these cost a bit more but oftentimes also last longer, so it’s money well spent.

Note: The USB ports are only active when the avionics master is on (the engine should normally be running at that point)

AERO 452-101 CO Detector to alert you to presence of carbon monoxide.

Detects, measures, and provides both a visual and aural alert before the level of carbon monoxide (CO) reaches a critical level.

The CO Detector contains a Test/Reset button, an aural alarm buzzer, an Amber LED ALERT annunciator, and a green LED STATUS annunciator.
The CO alarm level is calibrated to provide both an aural and visual alert within 5 minutes or less whenever the carbon monoxide level reaches 50 parts per million (PPM) by volume or above per TSO C48A. The warning time is shortened at higher levels of CO concentrations and becomes approximately instant should the CO level reach 400 parts per million by volume (PPM) or above.

In case of a CO alert, the pilot can acknowledge the alert and silence the aural warning while keeping the visual alert until the CO level is again reduced below the alert level. The indicator is automatically reset when the CO level drops below 50 PPM. There is a three-minute delay at startup for sensor to stabilize before the unit will sense CO.

(Note that the unit also has a cabin pressure alerter to remind pilots on XC flights at higher altitudes of oxygen considerations – that feature is not currently enabled as it requires a separate annunciator. It will be activated if/when the plane receives its final major panel upgrade with a G3X Touch, not likely before 2021.)

ARTEX ELT 345 Emergency locator transmitter on both 406 MHz (digital GPS data) and also 121.5 MHz (analog homing)

Advantages of a 406 MHz ELT:

More transmitter power (second, 5W bursts every 50 sec)
Dedicated and protected frequency designed specifically for detection by satellites
Faster SAR response:
     – Near instantaneous detection by both geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites in low orbit
     – More accurate location calculations resulting in a much smaller search area (1-3 miles)

The ELT in this aircraft is registered with NOAA SAR/SAT

  • Circuit breakers and switches

Click on image for larger view

Original Nav II equipment removed/replaced in Feb/Mar 2018:

Before (lower) / After (upper) the Spring 2018 cockpit upgrade

Flight Instruments:
– AI, DG, and the entire vacuum system

Bendix/King KMA 28 Audio Panel / Marker Beacon / 4 Position

Pilot’s Guide

Bendix/King KMD 550 WX MFD

Pilot’s Guide | Quick Reference

Bendix/King KLN 94 Color Moving Map GPS-IFR

Pilot’s Guide | Quick Reference

Bendix/King KX 155A NAV/COM (#1 and #2 – two devices)

Bendix/King KAP 140 2-Axis AP with Alt Preselect

Pilot’s Guide

Bendix/King MD 41-231 GPS-NAV Selector/Annunciator

Bendix/King KI 209A VOR/LOC/GPS Indicator

Bendix/King KI 208 VOR/LOC Indicator

Bendix/King KT 76C Transponder

Pilot’s Guide

Original Nav II Systems and Engine Instruments:
– Voltmeter / Clock / Timer / OAT
– Fuel level
– EGT & Fuel Flow
– Oil Temperature & Pressure
– VAC & Ammeter